Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction (SOD) occurs when the sphincter of Oddi, a muscle that opens and closes to allow bile and pancreatic juice to flow between the pancreas and the small intestine, does not open when it should, which causes a backup of digestive juices and severe pain in the abdomen. There are two basic types of sphincter of Oddi dysfunction: biliary dysfunction, which occurs when the digestive juices back up in the bile ducts from the liver, and pancreatitis, which is when the backup is occurring in the pancreas, causing the pancreas to become inflamed. Symptoms of SOD include nausea, vomiting, fever, chills, diarrhea, and weight loss. This condition can be treated with medications or a procedure called a sphincterotomy. Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction (SOD) is represented by the purple and turquoise awareness ribbon and awareness products are available in the Unchargeables Shop.
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